“ATURAN PAJANGAN YANG MELANCARKAN SILATURAHMIKU” by Haeril Halim


Saat itu senin siang, terbersit ingin tuk menjenguk seorang teman yang terkena musibah di RS wahidin Makassar. Dia terkena luka bakar dan begitupun jg istrinya yang mengalami hal yang sama dengan dengan suaminya walapun luka yang dialami istrinya bisa dikategorikan serius dibanding suaminya (semoga ALLAH memberikan sang teman kesabaran dalam menjalani musibah yang dihadapinya serta diberikan kesembuhan dengan segera. Agak sedih kalau mau membahas apa yang dialami oleh sang teman ini, tp ada hal lain yang ingin saya utarakan di sini selain apa yang dialami oleh temanku tersebut.

Malam itu sehabis sholat isya berangkatlah saya ke wahidin bersama kakak saya. Dikarenakan suatu hal, saya mempersilahkan kakak ku tuk masuk duluan menjenguk teman tersebut. Sejam kemudian baru saya menyusulnya masuk. Sejam setelahnya saya masuk di wahidin mencari kamar PALM no 1. Mmmmm agak bingung juga mencari ruangan soalnya luas skali. Saya melihat tiga orang satpam yang sedang bercerita satu sama lain di depan pintu masuk rumah sakit. “ah aku ada akal, tanya satpam aja”, ujarku. Tapi niatku tuk bertanya hilang seketika bukan karena mereka galak atau apa, tapi di sebelah satpam-satpam tersebut tergantung tulisan “jam besuk 9 pagi -9 malam” wah begitu kuliat jam wah ternyata sdh jam 10 malam brarti tidak bisa masuk kalo gitu. “aduh gimana ya”, tanyaku bingung. Ingin aku memberanikan diri bertanya ke mereka apa masih bisa masuk, eh takutnya di jawab “emang kamu tidak punya mata”, haahhahahaha kan malu pastinya. Ingin aku menelpon kakak yang lagi di dalam takut suara handphone kakak ku mengganggu pasien di dalam ruangan. Ingin pulang? Sayang juga dah jauh-jauh datang malam lagi mana hujan rintik lagi. Ah cuapek dech hehehhee…

Selama 5 menit terdiam akhirnya sy memutuskan tuk bertanya ke satpam tapi bukan dengan pertanyaan yang tadi “apa masih bisa masuk pak”, tapi dengan pertanyaan “pak ruang PALM di mana ya?”. Di dalam hatiku mencoba menebak apa ya kira-kira yang di jawab satpam itu, apakah mereka akan bilang jam besuk sudah habis? Hahahahaahha ternyata si satpam menjawab dengan ramah “oh ruang PALM, anda lewat sini (sambil menunjuk pintu masuk yang bertuliskan daftar jam besuk tadi), trus belok kiri mentok itu sdh ruang PALM”. Alhamdulillah senang rasanya bisa masuk.

Saya tertawa sejenak bagaimana ada dua fenomena yang berbeda, di satu sisi jam besuk sudah habis yang dipertegas oleh papan info jam besuk itu dan yang satunya lagi kebaikan hati sang satpam. Sungguh kontras tapi menolong jg sih karena bisa menyambung silaturahmi dengan kawan yang lagi sakit. Apakah hukum atau atauran yang dibuat hanya untuk pajangan saja ya? Apakah kalau kita diijinkan oleh para pembuat aturan (yang punya otoritas) tuk melanggar kita mau melanggar aturan tersbut walaupun itu jelas-jelas melanggar? Tentunya pengalamanku ini kalau bukan alasan silaturahmi maka mungkin yang terjadi sebaliknya. Apakah kalau para pihak yang punya otoritas melanggar hukum kita juga mau ikut-ikutan melanggar? Apakah kita mau terima kalau ada yang iming-imingi kita lulus PNS, Polisi, masuk Universitas dll dengan syarat harus ada “uang kinerja” bagi promisers yang notabene sudah jelas-jelas melanggar aturan? Yang jelas fenomena langgar melanggar di negeri kita tercinta ini masih bukan sesuatu yang yang memalukan, itulah masih banyak yang suka melanggar dan banyak yang mengambil keuntungan dari seseorang yang melanggar…mmmm think about it guys…thanks

Sekian Wassalam…

Haeril Halim, 23 tahun, Alumni Sastra Inggris Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Hasanuddin 2010, Grantee IELSP 2009 Ohio University Amerika Serikat, Asisten Pengajaran bahasa Inggris pada MKU dan jurusan Sastra Inggris Unhas.

*Tulisan sangat dadakan sifatnya serta non-ilmiah dan hanya untuk dinikmati sebagai bahan refleksi untuk lebih baik lg..

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PENGABDIAN ALA MBAH MARIDJAN By Haeril Halim


PENGABDIAN ALA MBAH MARIDJAN
Haeril Halim

Budaya ketimuran sangat akrab dan menjunjung tinggi budaya pengabdian. Pengabdian seseorang diaplikasikan dalam berbagai ragam bentuk dan jenisnya. Yang paling kentara adalah pengabdian antara budak dan majikan yang menjadi ciri khas “profesionalisme” ketimuran. Seseorang yang taat dan patuh pada majikan akan dianggap pekerja yang baik dan akan mendapatkan penghargaan lisan sebagai “pekerja yang baik”. Setidaknya begitulah konsep yang dipercaya orang Indonesia khususnya di budaya Jawa.

Nampaknya eksistensi budaya mengabdi ini yang telah mengkristal dalam diri orang timur dan hal ini membuat orang barat “gusar”. Budaya pengabdian dianggap sebagai budaya yang kurang menghargai profesionalisme. Bagaimana tidak orang timur bisa hidup mengabdi dengan upah kecil seperti yang masih rutin dilakukan warga kraton Jogyakarta. Mereka sangat patuh dengan kata sang sultan bahkan konon kabarnya gaji mereka sangat sedikit tapi mereka senang dan bahagia mengabdikan hidup mereka kepada sang sultan. Pengenalan akan konsep HAM dan budaya kerja professional adalah budaya tandingan yang disusupkan di budaya timur oleh barat dengan berbagai mediasi yang sangat teratur dan intelek. Pengadopsian konsep HAM dan Profesionalisme adalah wajar tapi pengadopsiannya harus berjalan sinergis dengan kondisi lingkungan bermasyarakat agar bisa mendapatkan tempat dan apresiasi oleh lingkungan sekitar.

Saya tidak akan berbicara soal HAM dan profesionalitas di tulisan namun adalah konsep pengabdian ala mbah Maridjan yang membuat saya menulis tulisan ini. Secara pribadi saya salut dengan pengabdian mbah Maridjan. Ancaman panasnya kabut asap atau “wedus gembel” gunung merapi tidak mengurangi sedikitpun rasa pengabdiannya kepada ayah Sultan untuk selalu menjaga dan berada di sekitar merapi. Pelepasan rasa individualis mbah Maridjan telah disingkirkan hanya untuk melaksanakan amanah sang Sultan. Bahkan konon kabarnya sejak lama Mbah Maridjan sudah diajak untuk mengungsi oleh petinggi kraton saat ini namun perintah tersebut diabaikannya karena lebih menyakralkan perintah oleh Sultan sebelumnya (Ayah dari sri Sultan).

Secara pribadi saya berpendapat bahwa ada dua aspek penting dari konsep pengabdian yaitu pelaksanaan dari apa yang diamanahkan (implementasi fisik) dan pensugestian diri bahwa apa yang kita lakukan adalah berguna buat orang lain dan diri kita sendiri (implementasi psikis). Yang pertama akan mengalami kebosanan tanpa dilengkapi oleh aspek yang kedua. Begitupun juga tidak akan mungkin bisa terlaksana implementasi psikis tanpa ada implementasi fisik. Bagaimana mungkin kita bisa percaya sesuatu baik apabila kita belum melaksanakannya. Dalam konsep ibadah implementasi fisik adalah aktifitas gerak yang kita lakukan dalam menjalankan ritual-ritual keagamaan dan implementasi psikisnya adalah perasaan tenang dalam melakukan aktivitas tersebut. Aspek kedualah yang menjaga stabilitas kehidupan beragama ditengah hantaman budaya global yang katanya menjadi identitas masyarakat dunia.

Walaupun tersiar kabar bahwa mbah Maridjan telah bersedia untuk dievakuasi sebelum akhirnya wafat dalam keadaan sujud tapi aspek kedualah yang telah membuatnya selama ini bertahan untuk tinggal menjaga gunung Merapi atas perintah sang Sultan. Terlepas dari semua itu Mbah Maridjan telah memperlihatkan budaya pengabdian ala timur yang menjadi ciri khas budaya Jawa atau lebih spesifik lagi budaya Kraton Jogyakarta. Pengabdian semacam ini adalah kontrol sosial dari pengaruh-pengaruh luar yang mencoba merusak tatanan masyarakat yang ada. Boleh kita memperbaharui konsep pengabdian atas tuntutan zaman tapi adalah kurang tepat jika kita menghilangkannya karena hal tersebut adalah kekayaan budaya timur yang tidak dipunyai oleh budaya lain.

Sekian Wassalam…

Haeril Halim, 23 tahun, Alumni Sastra Inggris Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Hasanuddin 2010, Grantee IELSP 2009 Ohio University Amerika Serikat, Asisten Pengajaran bahasa Inggris pada MKU dan jurusan Sastra Inggris Unhas.

*Tulisan sangat dadakan sifatnya serta non-ilmiah dan hanya sebagai draft tulisan yang belum selesai jadi segala kesalahan penulisan atau tata bahasa harap dimaklumi.

Kompetisi Menulis Esai : Menyembuhkan Luka Sejarah “Refleksi Kaum Muda atas Tragedi 1965”


Selamat Datang

Anak Muda & Rekonsiliasi
Menyembuhkan luka sejarah adalah kerja besar. Bukan sekadar kerja satu dua tahun, tetapi mungkin puluhan tahun. Betapa pun, sebuah langkah kecil tetap harus dimulai. Kompetisi menulis esai ini bertujuan supaya anak muda bisa menuangkan pandangan pribadinya terhadap tragedi 1965 dan memulai langkah kecil sebagai rintisan awal menuju kepada rekonsiliasi. Anak muda, dalam konteks ini, adalah pemegang kunci. Karena merekalah pemilik sesungguhnya masa depan bangsa ini, tempat cita-cita rekonsiliasi didedikasikan.

Tujuan
Mengajak anak muda membicarakan luka sejarah, khususnya tragedi 1965, bagaimana anak muda memandang persoalan ini dan bagaimana sebaiknya kita –sebagai bangsa— mengambil langkah ke depan.

Mengapa Esai?
Esai adalah bentuk tulisan yang subyektif, yang menyatakan pikiran dan perasaan si penulis, sehingga merupakan bentuk tulisan yang tepat untuk konteks “Menyembuhkan Luka Sejarah–Refleksi Kaum Muda Atas Tragedi 1965” ini.

HADIAH
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Laptop/Note Book + Langganan Gratis Majalah Tempo selama satu tahun.

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Uang tunai 2.5 juta rupiah + Langganan Gratis Majalah Tempo selama satu tahun.

Info lebih lanjut klik disini

PUISI UNTUK INDONESIA (By Haeril Halim)


PUISI UNTUK INDONESIA

Jika aku Presiden,
Aku bukanlah Penguasa,
Bukan Pengusaha,
Bukan Budak Jabatan,
Bukan Penjanji,
Bukan juga Pemimpi,
Melainkan seorang Pemimpin sejati.

Jika aku Presiden,
Akan kucabut “akar” Merapi,
Akan kutaklukkan laut Mentawai,
Akan kurawat tanah Wasior,
Akan kudamaikan lempeng bumi yang mengitari tanah pertiwi,
Semua itu hanya untuk rakyat Indonesia semata.

Jika aku Presiden,
Bencana Lapindo,
Bencana Banjir Bandang Sumatra,
Bencana gempa dan Tsunami Aceh,
Bencana Wasior,
Bencana Merapi,
Bencana Mentawai,
Dan Bencana Krakatau yang sedang mengintip Indonesia,
Semuanya Bukanlah teguran buatku,
Melainkan tempatku mencurahkan perhatian buat Indonesia.

Jika aku Presiden,
Mentri, Gubernur, Bupati, Camat,Lurah,
Hingga Kepala Desa,
Semuanya adalah bawahanku,
Tapi suara jeritan dan air mata rakyatku,
adalah luka batinku yang harus segera kusembuhkan dengan tanganku sendiri.

Jika Aku Presiden,
Tak akan kubiarkan satu pasal hukumpun membatasi kesempatanku,
Untuk berinteraksi dengan seluruh rakyat Indonesia,
Karena Indonesia adalah jiwa dan ragaku.
Hidup dan matiku hanya untuk Indonesia.

Jika Aku Presiden
Aku selalu yakin Bangsa ini adalah bangsa yang bermartabat,
Bangsa yang besar dan maju,
Bangsa yang menghargai derita rakyatnya.

Jika Aku Presiden,
Semua itu bukan janji,
Bukan inginku,
Dan juga bukan angan-anganku,
Melainkan panggilan jiwaku,
Untuk itulah Aku menjadi Presiden.

Makassar, 28 Oktober 2010, *Haeril Halim, Seorang Warga Negara Indonesia.

Mundur dalam Kemajuan (By Prie GS)


SEMAKIN jalan dihaluskan, semakin keruh ia oleh kebut-kebutan. Karenanya banyaklah jalan halus yang kembali harus dibuat benjolan. Semakin maju teknologi rem ditemukan, malah semakin tinggi angka kecelakaan. Ketika sebuah mobil dilengkapi bantal peredam benturan, semakin berani seorang sopir menantang kecelakaan. Inilah fenomena homeostasis. Di dalam setiap kemajuan, seseorang malah sering merasakan kemunduran. Semakin kaya, semakin mudah seseorang dililit kemiskinan. Semakin banyak diberi, semakin mudah orang merasa kekurangan.

Fenomena ini jika sedang belangsung akan menyerang siapa saja sebagai korban berjamaah. Jika kita adalah pejabat, apa saja yang kita kerjakan rasanya salah senantiasa. Perasaan kita, media hanya menulis soal-soal yang buruk belaka. Benarkah? Tidak. Karena jika media seluruhnya cuma berisi tentang keburukan, ia akan mati dengan sendirinya. Di setiap kabar tentang korupsi, kriminalitas dan bencana, televisi pasti juga menyiarkan tentang pelawak Sule dan Budi Anduk. Di luar kabar buruk, media pasti juga menyiarkan gelak tawa pada saat yang sama. Tetapi memang cukup dengan sebuah kabar buruk, apalagi menyangkut kita, ia akan bersemayam dalam benak demikian lama.

Begitu pula kalau kita adalah rakyat. Rasanya apa saja yang dibuat oleh pemerintah itu terasa kurang belaka. Jalan-jalan dilebarkan, ya terasa macet juga. Trotoar-trotoar dibuat, akhirnya kembali juga sebagai kakilima juga. Semua peraturan sudah mengalami perubahan, bahkan undang-undang pun berkali-kali sudah diamandemen, tetapi perasaan kita kepada kemajuan, rasanya masih selalu dahaga. Selalu ada perasaan bahkan si anu kurang reformis, dia masih Orde Baru, mereka malah tetap sebagai Orde Lama dan seterusnya. Betapapun semua telah dibuka, tetapi selalu ada yang terasa tidak telanjang sepenuhnya.

Apakah seluruh kinerja pemerintah cuma berisi keburukan saja? Pasti tidak. Karena perasaan dan kenyataan adalah sesuatu yang berbeda. Apa yang kita rasakan sangat berbeda dari sesuatu yang mereka rasakan. Ada kenyataan versi kita, ada kenyatan versi mereka. Karena itu kenyataan tersebut bermacam-macam versinya, tergantung cuaca di kepala. Maka, kalau kenyataan sedang terlihat mendung, pasti bukan karena seluruh dunia sedang mendung, melain-kan karena mendung itu sedang menebal tepat di kepala kita sendiri.

Begitu juga kalau kita pengusaha. Ada saja perasaan bahwa iklim yang berlangsung ini tidak juga ramah usaha. Ada saja peraturan yang membingungkan dan menghambat kemajuan. Perizinan yang katanya satu atap itu ternyata masih beratap-atap. Apakah seluruh gambaran buruk ini benar? Pasti tidak. Kota-kota di seluruh dunia termasuk di Indonesia berjalan dengan tingkat modernisasi yang demikian cepat.

Memang masih ada kampung dan gubuk liar, tetapi keberadaannya pasti tidak mengubur adanya fakta sebuah perkembangan.

Ada banyak perasaan mun-dur, tetap jangan sampai mengubur fakta adanya kemajuan. Ada kabar sedih, tetapi jangan sampai melupakan banyak fakta tentang kegembiraan.

Fenomena homeostasis tampaknya memang penuh paradoks, tetapi sesungguhnya ia sedang menjalankan hukum keseimbangan. Bahwa untuk seimbang, di dalam maju memang harus ada perasaan mundur. (33)

Alamat Asli Postingan ini : http://suaramerdeka.com/v1/index.php/read/cetak/2010/10/17/127036/Mundur-dalam-Kemajuan

How to Write a Scholarship Cover Letter


How to Write a Scholarship Cover Letter
By an eHow Contributor

The competition for scholarships gets tougher each year with more people going to college. If a student wishes to gain a scholarship, the cover letter is the first thing a scholarship committee will see. There are some basic keys that people often overlook when writing the scholarship letter.

Instructions

1. Determine what the scholarship committee requires from an applicant and include it in the cover letter. For instance, if the committee values community service, then include all volunteer efforts on your part. Remember to not merely list the accomplishments but include something personal about each item.

2. Find out the specific person to whom you can address the scholarship cover letter. If possible stay away from the generic salutations like “Dear Sir or Madam” or “To whom it may concern.” Search the scholarship documents, web site or call the committee to ascertain to whom you can address the cover letter to make it more personal.

3. Write the body of the cover letter with a sense of gratitude for the opportunity the scholarship will give you. Then make a case of how this scholarship will enable you to help your fellow man and the community as a whole.

4. Include at least one line in the cover letter complimenting the scholarship organization and the work that they do. If you can, connect your goals to the ideals and purpose of the scholarship committee or organization.

5. Close the scholarship cover letter with a forward looking and enthusiastic statement that thanks the committee, organization or person for their time and effort in reviewing your scholarship application.

ORIGINAL LINK SOURCE : http://www.ehow.com/how_2294477_write-scholarship-cover-letter.html

Making Scholarship Letter


Including a scholarship letter in your scholarship applications can greatly improve your chances of being rewarded with money for school. If you write it once, the effort will pay off in a big way. Follow these steps in order to write a winning scholarship letter.
Difficulty: Moderately Easy
Instructions

1. Describe your situation.

In the beginning of the scholarship letter, describe why it is that you want or need a scholarship. Present any instances of hardship that you have overcome and why you feel ready to excel in school now.
2. Detail your educational goals.

The next portion of the letter should explain what your educational goals are, and what you will do should you be granted the scholarship. This can focus on the school you would like to go to, and the program or degree that you would like to complete.
3. Provide a layout of what you would like your career to look like.

What are your career goals after you complete the education that the scholarship will pay for? It is a good idea to use the scholarship application letter to describe how you will use your education in order to grow into a rewarding career.
4. Express your gratitude for being considered for the scholarship.

In closing, thank the scholarship committee for considering you for reward of the scholarship. Thank them for their time, and make sure and leave them with reliable contact information so that they can reach you.

Read more: How to Write a Great Scholarship Letter | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/how_5395495_write-great-scholarship-letter.html#ixzz13Id6Ky00

Academy for Educational Development (AED)(Beasiswa Prioritas Buat Warga Sulawesi-Selatan/Indonesia Timur)


Master’s Degree Program in Education

Title : Master’s Degree Program in Education

Time Line : 2011 academic year

Program Description:

The objective of the HICD/Education program is to build human capacity through scholarship opportunity in support of the GOI Ministry of Education (MONE), Ministry of Religious Affairs (MORA), and Coordinating Ministry for People’s Welfare (KESRA), to better carry on quality improvements to basic education and higher education sub-sectors.

Program participants will receive a Master’s Degree in Education in areas such as:

* Education Policy and Management
* Human Development and Psychology
* International Education Policy
* Language and Literacy
* Math and Science Education
* Education Leadership
* Teacher Education
* Education Law
* Education Finance
* Curriculum and Instruction
* Education Research Design
* Politics in Education
* Education Assessment and Testing
* Special (Inclusive) Education
* Counseling

Target Participants:

Representatives from MONE, MORA, KESRA and their subsidiary offices at the national, provincial, and district level who work in the education sector. This includes faculty and staff of state universities under MONE and MORA, as well as teachers and administrators of primary or secondary education.

All DBE stakeholder institutions working with DBE. This includes regional branches of MONE and MORA, education commissions of houses of representatives, education boards, education NGOs, local media in education, Regional Development Board (Bappeda). This includes senior teachers and administrators of secondary or primary school instruction.

Special Qualifications:

At least 3 years working experience in a related area of study.

Priority will be given to candidates from North Maluku, Sumatera, Kalimantan, East Nusa Tenggara, West Nusa Tenggara, and South Sulawesi.

Female candidates are strongly encouraged to apply. Physically disabled candidates are strongly encouraged to apply.

Visit here from infromation of open programs

General Eligibility Requirements

1.Candidates must be citizens of Indonesia.

2.Candidates may not be employed by USAID, have salary paid by USAID, or be an employee of USAID contractors or grantees.

3.Candidates must have at least five pre-retirement years remaining with their organizations after completion of study.

4.Candidates must provide evidence of English ability. AED will only accept the following tests as the evidence of English ability:

* Computer Based TOEFL, Internet Based TOEFL or International Paper Based TOEFL by Education Testing Service (ETS) and administered by recognized organizations from ETS (www.ets.org)
* ITP TOEFL by ETS and score reported and administered by recognized organizations from ETS (www.ets.org)
* IELTS provided by Cambridge ESOL Examinations and administered by British Councilwww.britishcouncil.org, International Development Program (IDP)www.idp.com and Indonesia Australia Language Foundation (IALF) http://www.ialf.edu

5.Candidate’s Essay. Please follow the guidelines when writing the essay. There will be essay of 1 page. The topic of the essay should be: How does the training program you wish to pursue relate to your background and career? What new changes and contributions do you hto intope roduce in your field upon completion of the program? How will the program contribute to the position you will assume upon your return home? 6.Three recommendation forms. Each to be completed by the candidate’s present employer, or community service organization if currently not working (e.g. if you have performed voluntary work/service at an NGO, youth club, municipal project, etc.), and university instructors. Recommendations are to be submitted in sealed, and signed envelopes.

7.Curriculum Vitae: Candidates are required to submit their CV, which may be in a format of their choice.

8.Nomination letter: Candidates are required to submit a nomination letter signed and stamped by their current employer (or by a community service organization if currently not working) in a sealed envelope.

9.Complete/Fill in the Application Forms and submit it to AED together with the documents no. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 above.

For more information please contact AED on +62-21- 51000052 or email to info@aed.or.id

Further information :

* Selection Procedures(http://www.aed.or.id/programs/selection-procedures/)
* Application Forms(http://www.aed.or.id/programs/application-forms/)
* University list(http://www.aed.or.id/2010/10/us-university/)

How to Write Research Proposal (Tips Menulis Research Proposal)


How to write a research proposal

When you are applying for a research degree, like the PhD, you will very probably have to write a research proposal as a part of your application file. A PhD is awarded mainly as the result of your making a genuine contribution to the state of knowledge in a field of your choice. Even though this is not the Nobel Prize yet, getting the degree means you have added something to what has previously been known on the subject you have researched. But first you have to prove you are capable of making such a contribution, and therefore write a research proposal that meets certain standards. The goal of a research proposal (RP) is to present and justify a research idea you have and to present the practical ways in which you think this research should be conducted.

When you are writing a RP, keep in mind that it will enter a competition, being read in line with quite a few other RPs. You have to come up with a document that has an impact upon the reader: write clearly and well structured so that your message gets across easily. Basically, your RP has to answer three big questions: what research project will you undertake, why is important to know that thing and how will you proceed to make that research.

In order to draw the researcher’s attention upon your paper, write an introduction with impact, and that leads to the formulation of your hypothesis. The research hypothesis has to be specific, concise (one phrase) and to lead to the advancement of the knowledge in the field in some way. Writing the hypothesis in a concise manner and, first, coming up with a good hypothesis is a difficult mission. This is actually the core of your application: you’re going to a university to do this very piece of research. Compared to this, the rest of the application is background scenery. Take your time to think of it. When you have an idea, be careful at the formulation. A well-written hypothesis is something of an essay’s thesis: it provides a statement that can be tested (argues ahead one of the possible answers to a problem), it is an idea, a concept, and not a mere fact, and is summed up in one phrase. In some cases, you will have no idea what the possible answer to a problem worth being researched is, but you will be able to think of a way to solve that problem, and find out the answer in the meantime. It’s ok in this case, to formulate a research question, rather than a hypothesis. Let those cases be rare, in any way.

Another piece of advice when writing your hypothesis, regarding the trendy research fields: chances are great that they’re trendy because somebody has already made that exciting discovery, or wrote that splendid paper that awoke everybody’s interest in the first place. If you’re in one of these fields, try to get a fresh point of view upon the subject; make new connections, don’t be 100% mainstream. This will make the project even more stimulating for the reader. Imagine that you are writing about the trendiest subject, with absolutely no change in the point of view, and you are given the chance to make the research. Trends come and go, fast; what are the chances that, in four years’ time, when your research is done and you are ready to publish your results, one of those well-known professors who dispose of huge research grants has already said whatever you had to say?

Remember how, in a structured essay, right after the thesis you would present the organisation of your essay, by enumerating the main arguments you were going to present? Same thing should happen in a RP. After stating your thesis, you should give a short account of your answers to those three questions mention earlier. State, in a few phrases, what will be learned from your research, that your project will make a difference, and why is that important to be known. You will have to elaborate on both of these later in the paper.

The next step in writing your proposal is to prove that that particular piece of research has not been done yet. This section is usually called Literature Review. Inside it, you have to enumerate and critically analyze an impressive list of boring bibliography. The conclusion you should – objectively! – reach is that your idea of research has not been undertaken yet. Even more, you use this opportunity to prove solid theoretical knowledge in the field, and build the theoretical bases of your project. One tip: don’t review all the articles and books in the fields even if you mention them in the bibliography list; pay attention in your analysis to those you will build on. Another one: avoid jargon when writing your RP. The chances are great that the person(s) who will read your and another 1000 research proposals are not specialists in that very field – niche you are examining. If you are applying for a grant with or foundation or something similar, it might happen that those reading your paper are not even professors, but recruiters, donors, etc. And even if they actually are professors, one of the reasons busy people like them agree to undertake a huge, and sometimes voluntary, work, is the desire to meet some diversity, some change from their work – so maybe they’ll read applications for another specialisation. The capacity to get your message across in clear, easy-to-grasp concepts and phrases is one of the winning papers’ most important advantages.

So far, you have proven you have a research idea, that you are familiar with the field, and that your idea is new. Now, why should your project be worth researching? Because it advances knowledge, ok. But is this knowledge that anybody will need? Maybe nobody knows for sure how the shoelaces were being tied in the XIXth century, but who cares, beyond two lace-tying specialists? Find arguments to convince the reader that s/he should give you money for that research: practical use, accelerating the development of knowledge in your or other fields, opening new research possibilities, a better understanding of facts that will allow a more appropriate course of action are possible reasons. Be clear and specific. Don’t promise to save the world, it might be too much to start with. Even James Bond succeeds that only towards the end of the movie.

We approach now one of the most difficult parts of writing a research proposal: the methodology. In short, what actions are you going to take in order to answer the question? When will you know whether the hypothesis has been proven wrong, or has survived enough tests to be considered, for now, valid? Those tests and the way you are supposed to handle them to give rigor to your research is what is understood under methods. Methods divide in qualitative (interviews, questionnaires) and quantitative (statistics, stuff that deals intensively with numbers). For some projects qualitative methods are more appropriate, for some quantitative, while for most a mixture of the two is adequate. You should pick your methods and justify your choice. Research methodology, however, is too a complicated thing to be explained here. And this is why it’s so tough: not much attention is given to teaching it in Eastern Europe. Try, before writing your RP, to read a bit more about methodology – on the Internet you will find for sure some articles – and decide which methods suit your project best. Don’t forget: reading theoretical pieces of your work and providing a critical analysis of those is also a kind of research. It’s fine to provide a rough schedule of your research; some grant programs will also require a detailed budget, even though for scholarships this is unlikely.

Conclusions: After working your way through the difficult methodological part, you only have to write your conclusions. Shortly recap why your hypothesis is new, why it advances knowledge, why is it worth researching and how, from a practical point of view, are you going to do that. Overall, the capacity of your project to answer the research question should come out crystal clear from the body of the paper, and especially from the conclusions. If this happens, it means you have a well-written RP, and you have just increased you chances for having a successful application.

One last word: how big should your RP be? In most cases, this is specified in the application form. If it is not, we suggest that you keep it at about 1500 words (that’s 3 pages, single-spaced, with 12 size Times New Roman). In fewer words it can be really tough to write a good RP. With more you might bore your readers. Which we hope will not happen.

Good luck!

ORIGINAL SITE SOURCE : http://www.eastchance.com/howto/res_prop.asp?utm_source=eastchanceMailing&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20101010

Tips-tips praktis melamar beasiswa dan menulis personal statement


How to Communicate with Scholarship Providers and Write Effective Personal Letters

“hey u got a scholarship 4 me?” Not likely! If you want to be taken seriously by scholarship committees, you must communicate in an effective, professional manner. Even if you are simply sending an inquiry by email, or posting to a website or social network, the basics are essential – proper grammar, capitalization, punctuation and complete sentences.

With a few general rules, some good tips from scholarship committees, and help from family, friends, or teachers, you can learn to write effective professional letters – and increase your chances of winning a scholarship!

Before you write the letter:

1. Take the time to think about your skills and strengths, other than what might be included in a resume. Write them down, describe them, and list examples. Here are qualities committees may look for, beyond financial need:

* Knowledge of chosen field, carefulness of work
* Motivation, enthusiasm, seriousness of purpose
* Creativity, originality, ingenuity of problem solving
* Ability to plan and carry out research, organization
* Ability to express thought in speech and writing
* Maturity, emotional stability, ability to withstand stress and face challenges
* Leadership skills
* Self-reliance, initiative, independence, adaptability
* Responsibility
* Ability to work well with others
* Growth potential, desire to achieve, dedication to goals

2. First and foremost, make sure you are eligible for the scholarship, meet the necessary criteria, and can meet the deadline for submitting all necessary paperwork.

3. Do your research. Locate the details that will help you write an effective, personalized letter. What is the scholarship for? Who is funding the scholarship? Determine what the scholarship committee is looking for in an applicant so you can include it in the cover letter. For example, if the committee values community service, then you might want to include any volunteer services or activities you’ve been involved in.

4. Find out if the scholarship committee consists of the board of an organization, a group of people or educators, or a single person. Find out the specific person to whom you can address the scholarship cover letter. Search the scholarship documents, web site or call the committee and ask to whom you can address the cover letter to make it more personal.

5. Find samples of scholarship letters in books or on the web – but just for ideas, inspiration, and structure. Do not simply change the wording to reflect your own information – it will be easily recognizable as a standard, sample letter. You want your letter to be unique, and your own.

Writing the letter:

Format:

* Any formal business letter format is acceptable.
* Make sure to use an easy-to-read font when typing your letter.
* In the top, right hand corner put your name and contact details.
* One line below and left aligned, type the name and address of the person (or organization) you are addressing.
* One or two lines below, either left or right aligned, add the date. The following formats are acceptable: October 10, 2010; or Paris, 10th October 2010. The place of writing can also be included, but is not necessary.
* Two lines below, begin the letter with Dear and then the title of the person as applicable (Mr., Ms., Mrs., Dr., or Professor), then the surname, making sure it is spelled correctly. If you do not have the name of the person to whom you are writing, “Dear Sir or Madam” or “To Whom it May Concern” are acceptable.
* Two lines below, add the content of your letter.
* Two lines below the last paragraph, add the closing, such as “Sincerely”.
* Four lines below the closing, add your name in type, and your hand-written signature above.

In General:

* If both a cover letter and essay are required, then the cover letter should be a small, tight introduction to the personal essay. If a cover letter, personal essay, and resume are required then the cover letter introduces you, the purpose for sending the packet of information you’re sending, and gives a brief overview of what to expect in the resume.

* If you cannot include your resume with the cover letter or essay, which is rare, you may need to include important information from your resume in the letter. If this is the case, divide the information into specific areas, like you would in a resume – such as education, awards, work experience, and goals. Be sure to include areas such as volunteer work or other information that fit with the goals of the scholarship.

* Make an outline of your letter. This will help maintain your focus as you write. You’ll need to open with a greeting, transition to your main point, then to your next point and then provide a conclusion.

* Choice of words is important. Achieve a balance between bragging and modesty. Avoid exaggerations and clichés but do not down play your worth.

* Be personable – be yourself. Remember that real people read your letter. Be respectful and courteous but use normal language, not flowery, overly formal wording that you would never use when speaking.

* Once you’ve written your letter, go back and do an initial edit. Read it and find the spots that sound awkward, don’t make sense or don’t fit. Spend some time editing, improving the language and flow, and correcting your spelling, grammar and punctuation. Avoid wordiness. Be clear and concise.

* Take a break even if it is just an hour or two, and focus on something else. Read and edit your letter again after your break. It can often be difficult to proof-read your own material; have a friend, family member, or teacher read it through – they may see some places that need to be polished.

* It is simple errors with grammar, punctuation, and spelling that will remove you from the competition much more quickly than, for example, listing too few club activities. Make sure your letter is professional and compelling!

Content:

* Start with a strong organizing thesis statement or umbrella statement at the beginning in order to introduce the key points that make you a good applicant for the scholarship.

* Focus on a few main points. Stress the qualities and areas of expertise that make you a good candidate for the scholarship. To do this, refer to the qualifications listed with the scholarship. So, for example, if the committee considers financial need when deciding upon the candidates, make a point of your financial need but not in a tacky way, or in a self-pitying manner. Instead, refer to the financial need in a way that indicates the good that would come of receiving the scholarship.

* Write the body of the cover letter with a sense of gratitude for the opportunity the scholarship will give you. Then make a case of how this scholarship will enable you to help your fellow man and the community as a whole.

* Use specific examples to support what you say about yourself. For example, don’t just say, “I am a leader,” and expect the reader to believe you. Provide at least one specific example from your life that demonstrates your leadership skills. This is your evidence, and it gives your entire letter credibility.

* If you can, connect your goals to the ideals and purpose of the scholarship committee or organization.

* Close the scholarship cover letter with a forward looking and enthusiastic statement that thanks the committee, organization or person for their time and consideration in reviewing your scholarship application. It’s always useful to add a sentence praising the work or the mission of the funding organization as well.

Bottom Line:

Effective, professional communication skills are not simply an asset – they are a necessity!

ORIGINAL SITE SOURCE : http://studentsforinternationalscholarships.blogspot.com/2010/10/how-to-communicate-with-scholarship.html